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talmud_is_fun

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[Saturday, September 23rd, 2006
@ 10:35pm]
[ mood | Ready to learn! ]

Hello, and welcome to talmud_is_fun! In this interactive livejournal, you will learn everything you've ever wanted to know about תורה שבּעל פה , or the Oral Torah. Enjoy!

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[Sunday, September 25th, 2005
@ 3:07pm]
[ mood | Excited for Torah study! ]

As you may or may not know, there are four books of the תורה שבּעל פה. These books are the משנה, the תוספתא, the תלמוד/גמרא, and the מדרש. The first book we will learn about is the משנה.
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רבּי עקיבא inherited three generations of notes. He took these notes, and separated them into six appropriate sections, זרעים (seeds), מועד (festivals), נשים (women), נזיקין (damages), קודשים (holy things), and טהרות(purities).

Two generations later, רבּי יהודה הנשיא inherited 5 generations of these notes. He took what was important from each section and used it to compile a book called the משנה.

The משנה is made of six books, each one being one of רבּי עקיבא's original categories. Each book is called a ספר. Each book is divided into a number of sections called מםכתות. Within the מםכתות are chapters, or פרקים, and the chapters are divided into smaller section, each one being called a משנה.

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[Saturday, September 24th, 2005
@ 4:16pm]
[ mood | Happy ]

The תלמוד/גמרא is another important book of the תורה שבּעל פה. The תלמוד is divided into two subsections, תלמוד בבלי and תלמוד ירושלמי.

The תלמוד ירושלמי is studied less frequently than the תלמוד בבלי. It was completed circa 500 CE in ארץ ישראל. This book seeks to clarify the משנה.

The תלמוד בבלי is studied more frequently than the תלמוד ירושלמי. It was completed circa 400 CE in Babylonia. This book also seeks to clarify the משנה.

Both books are sectioned as זרעים, מועד, נשים, נשים, קודשים, and טהרות, however, there are no ספרים. A book of the תלמוד is called a מסכתת.

The תלמוד also takes laws from it's biblical source and explains them.

The גמרא is sometimes used interchangably with the תלמוד. This is because to make the תלמוד, you need גמרא and משנה. Since the גמרא includes משנה by default, they are both משנה with commentary.

However, they exist as separate terms because the תלמוד is גמרא and משנה, while the גמרא is משנה and commentary.

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[Friday, September 23rd, 2005
@ 7:29pm]
[ mood | curious about the תוספתא! ]

The תוספתא is yet another fascinating book of Judaica. It is everything from רבּי יהודה הנשיא's notes that was excluded from the משנה. The תוספתא is divided into the same six categories as the משנה. It is also structured the same way, except that a paragraph of the תוספתא is called a ברייתא.

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[Thursday, September 22nd, 2005
@ 7:34pm]
[ mood | determined to learn מדרש! ]

The מדרש is the final book of the תורה שבּעל פה. The מדרש is split into two books, the מדרש אגדה and the מדרש הלכה. The מדרש אגדה is a book of stories and tales. This book fills in the gaps of the תנ"ך. The מדרש הלכה uses phrases in the Torah to derive Jewish laws. The מדרשים go in the order of the תנ"ך.

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Acknowledgements and Bibliography [Wednesday, September 21st, 2005
@ 10:34pm]
Thanks to Brenda (bunniesgomeebly) and jewish_graphics for helping with HTML.

(The following are links)

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Picture 1

Picture 2

Picture 3

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